territoriality, and sovereignty in Africa’, CODESRIA Bulletin (): Mbome, F.X. () ‘Les relations entre le Cameroun et le Nigeria: L’affaire Bakassi’. Affaire Bakassi: genèse, évolution et dénouement de l’affaire de la frontière terrestre et maritime Cameroun-Nigeria (). Responsibility: Guy Roger . “Les Relations entre le Cameroon et le Nigeria: 1’affaire Bakassi,” Afrique , no. 25 () The author reviews the long-standing territorial dispute.
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Nigeria relied largely on Anglo-German correspondence dating from as well as treaties between the colonial powers and the indigenous rulers in the area, particularly the Treaty of Protection. The territory subsequently became de facto part of Nigeriaalthough the border was never permanently delineated. Fishermen displaced from Bakassi were first settled in a landlocked area called New Bakassi, which they claimed was already inhabited and not suitable for fishermen like them but only for farmers.
Retrieved 18 January Nigeria and Cameroon have disputed the possession of Bakassi for some years, leading to considerable tension between the two countries. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.
It instructed Nigeria to transfer possession of the peninsula, but did not require the inhabitants to move or to change their nationality. Despite the formal handover of Bakassi by Nigeria to Cameroon inthe territory of Bakassi is still reflected as part of the local governments in Nigeria as embodied in the First Schedule, Part I of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, bbakassi Retrieved 5 November The population of Bakassi is the subject of some dispute, but is generally put at betweenandpeople.
What it is and how it Works. On 22 Novemberthe Nigerian Senate passed a resolution declaring that the withdrawal from the Bakassi Peninsula was illegal. The Nigerian newspaper The Guardian went further, declaring that the judgment was “a rape and unforeseen potential international conspiracy against Bakssi territorial integrity and sovereignty” and “part of a Western ploy to foment and perpetuate trouble in Africa”.
The line was drawn through the Cross River estuary to the west of the peninsula, thereby implying Cameroonian ownership over Bakassi. This makes the Bakassi area a very fertile fishing ground, comparable only to Newfoundland in North America and Scandinavia in Western Europe. It lies between the Cross River estuary, near the city of Calabar in the west of the Bight of Biafra, and the Rio del Ray estuary on the east. In the two countries went to the brink of war over Bakassi and bakasi area around Lake Chadat the other end of the two countries’ common border.
Archived from the original on 22 April Retrieved from ” affairf Archived from the original on 13 August The ICJ judgment was backed up by the United Nationswhose charter potentially allowed sanctions or even the use of force to enforce the court’s ruling. These two ocean currents interact, creating huge foamy breakers which constantly advance towards the shore, and building submarine shoals rich in fish, shrimps, and a wide variety of other marine life forms.
The outcome of the controversy was a de facto Nigerian refusal to withdraw its troops from Bakassi and transfer sovereignty. Bakassian leaders threatened to seek independence if Nigeria renounced sovereignty.
The Nigerian government did not, however, openly reject the judgment but instead called for an agreement that would provide “peace with honour, with the interest and bakaxsi of our people. Rosenne’s the World Court: At least eight multinational oil companies have participated in the exploration of the peninsula and its offshore waters.
This secession was announced on 9 Julyas the “Democratic Republic of Bakassi”.
Bakassi – Wikipedia
It aroused vitriolic comments from Nigerian officials and the Nigerian media alike. This has made significant progress, but the process has been complicated by the affairs of Bakassi’s inhabitants to being transferred to Cameroon. Retrieved 31 March However, the area has aroused considerable interest from oil companies in the light of the discovery of rich reserves of high grade crude oil in Nigeria.
Obasanjo agreed to withdraw Nigerian troops within 60 days and to leave the territory completely in Cameroonian control within the next two years.
Secretary-General Kofi Annan stepped in as a mediator and chaired a bakkassi summit with the two countries’ presidents on 15 Novemberwhich established a commission to facilitate the peaceful implementation of the ICJ’s judgement. The case was extremely complex, requiring the court to review diplomatic exchanges dating back over years.
The verdict caused consternation in Nigeria. It is governed by Cameroonaffairee the transfer of sovereignty from neighbouring Nigeria as a result of afdaire judgment by the International Court of Justice. Retrieved 5 November — via news.