28 Aug It was not war; they did not understand yielding. As long as their national drum beat, the whole party would stand, and allow themselves to be. Introduction: The Santhal Rebellion was the most serious challenge faced by the English East India Company in the first century of its rule. Until June Santal Rebellion of Atis Dasgupta. I would briefly describe in this paper the general character of the Santal. Rebellion () and certain.
|Published (Last):||16 December 2005|
|PDF File Size:||7.82 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||7.61 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
The uprising of the Santhals began as a tribal reaction to and despotic British santhxl system, usury practices, and the zamindari system in India; rebelilon the tribal belt of what was then known as the Bengal Presidency.
The Santhals continue to take up cudgels against the authorities and their frustrations have deep roots. Decades later, caught up in politics and allegedly funded and armed by external agencies the Naxalite movement bears little resemblance to what it started out as, leave alone the Santhal Revolt of The Santhals reacted violently to this and killed the police agent and his companions.
Till the 18th century, Santhals lived in the thick forests of the region and practiced hunting. The Santhal rebellion of CE was called Hulwhich in the local language means a movement for liberation. Soon the British began to clear the forests in order to grow cash crops such as jute, poppy and indigo. A British Regiment attacking a Santhal village www. With the introduction of the Zamindari system, the Santhals lost all rights to their land.
The brothers sent emissaries across Santhal lands with Sal Shorea robusta branches as a secret form of communication. Initially a small contingent was rebelljon to suppress the rebels but it could not succeed and this further fueled the spirit of the revolt. Tomb of Aurangzeb Gebellion the other Mughal emperors, the tomb of Aurangzeb stands out in many ways.
The once tribal protest over land has become a violent and vicious gorilla war, burning through the heart of India – the Red Corridor – as it is called. History truly is a continuum and it is important to understand the past, to make sense of the present.
This dispossession turned the Santhals into rebels and finally they took an oath to launch an attack on the ruling authority, i. The Santhal revolt of was beautifully portrayed in the s, by Kolkata based filmmaker Mrinal Sen who made a movie called Mrigayya.
Santhal rebellion for UPSC
It is estimated that between 15, to 20, Santhals were killed by the British. Household Words Vol This meant that they had to borrow money at very high interest rates from money lenders.
All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. The Santhals were passionate and sznthal warriors but they didn’t stand a fair chance against the sophisticated firearms used by the English East India Company.
Elephants supplied by the Nawab of Murshidabad were used to demolish Santhal huts and likewise atrocities were committed sathal the British army and it allies in suppressing the Rebellion. Join our mailing list to recieve the latest news rebellikn updates from our team. They leaded a peaceful life by clearing the forest and also engaged themselves in hunting for subsistence.
Santhal Pargana Division Wikimedia Commons.
The Forgotten Santhal Revolt of
A large chunk of the area inhabited by Santhals came under British rule. Under this ‘settlement’ it was agreed that landlords would have perpetual and hereditary rights over the land, so long as they paid a fixed revenue to the British Government. To create this new regellion of Zamindars, santhql British auctioned away large tracts of land belonging to the Santhals, to anyone who would guarantee them these fixed revenues.
Thousands of innocent people have been killed in a battle that seems nowhere near an end! Retrieved from ” https: But when the British claimed their rights on the lands of the Santhals, they peacefully went to reside in the hills of Rajamahal.
The British were helped by the local Zamnidars, who were with them for their own selfish needs. The basic purpose xanthal to collect taxes by making his own laws. This loss of freedom that once which they enjoyed turned them into rebels and finally they took oath to launch a Rebellion on these axis of evil, which was done on 30th June, Of the 60,odd tribesmen who had been mobilised in the rebellion, over 15, were killed, and tens of villages were destroyed.
British Government had announced an award of Rs.
Danish Settlements in South India Among all the European invaders of India, Denmark was also one of them who attempted to establish colonies in India; Tharangambadi in Tamil Nadu was the first trading post of the Danes. It was a massive attack in the Chhamb sector by Pakistani forces. This page was last edited on 22 Octoberat The primitive weapons of the Santhals, weren’t a match against the musket and cannon firepower of the British.
A number of skirmishes occurred after this which resulted in large number of casualties for the Santhals. Views Read Edit View history. The Santhal Paraganas Tenancy Act came into being which provided the tribes some protection from colonial exploitation.
The Forgotten Santhal Revolt of 1855
Although the Rebellion was brutally suppressed, it marked a great change in the colonial rule and policy. There was not a sepoy in the war who did not feel ashamed of himself.
When the law and order situation tebellion getting out of hand the British Government finally took a major step and sent in large number of troops assisted by the local Zamindars and the Nawab of Murshidabad to quell the Rebellion.